Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus

Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus

Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus in Barrada Center

Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus in Cairo, Egypt

A child’s eyes reflect his joy and pain, and therefore any eye problem in your child must be dealt with carefully. Early detection and examination is necessary to treat eye problems in children and protect your child from potential complications that may affect the level of vision and eye health in general.

Cosmetic eye surgeries have a positive effect on increasing self-confidence and help you get a beautiful and attractive look and improve the appearance of the eyes. Eye surgeries also help to improve vision.

Children may suffer from some common eye problems such as:

1- Strabismus in children

Strabismus is a visual defect represented in the loss of parallelism of the eyes, so that each eye looks in the opposite direction.

Causes of strabismus in children

  • 1- Problems with the nerves responsible for the eye, such as nerve infections, weak eye muscles, or congenital defects in the nervous system.
  • 2- Long-sightedness is one of the causes of a child’s strabismus, especially if it is not treated, because the child makes a great effort to see things clearly.
  • 3- Congenital causes, which appear with the child in the first six months.
  • 4- Strabismus may appear due to a problem with the eye muscle or as a result of eye injuries.
  • 5- Lazy eye.

Symptoms of Strabismus in children

  • 1- The presence of Strabismus in the child’s eye for more than three months, even if this strabismus is not permanent and occurs at a certain time only.
  • 2- The child looks at you and tilts his head to one side.
  • 4- The child looks at you with one eye and closes the other.
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Disadvantages of delaying the correction of strabismus in children

  • 1- Lazy eye: with the presence of Strabismus, the brain may choose one of the eyes and focus on it (because it is difficult to use the two eyes at the same time because each of the two eyes in this case sends a different image to the brain), so the brain chooses one eye and focuses on it and neglects the image coming from The other eye and with the passage of time and with the length of time neglecting the image of one of the eyes occurs what is known as lazy eye, and the ability of one of the eyes to receive the image decreases, and consequently, double vision occurs.

    2- The inability of the eye with the presence of Strabismus for long periods of time to see in three dimensions, the three-dimensional vision of things requires that the eyes be at a moderate level.

    3- Delayed treatment of strabismus leads to fibrosis of the eye muscles in some cases, and this makes treatment difficult.

    4- The child is exposed to bullying, his self-confidence decreases, his ability to achieve academic achievement is reduced, and he is isolated from society as a result of the squint.

Types of Strabismus in children

  • 1- Outward turning: the direction of the eye outwards.

    2- Inward turning: the eye turns inward.

    3-Upward turning: the direction of the eye upwards.

    4- Downward turning: the direction of the eye downwards.

False rumors about strabismus

  • 1- strabismus in children is treated with time without medical intervention.

    This belief is wrong, and strabismus must be treated with surgery or through medical glasses or through certain exercises, and this is what is determined by the specialist doctor.

    2- The process of strabismus is dangerous.

    This belief is wrong because the process of strabismus is very safe and the duration of the operation is short.

    3- Strabismus returns again after treatment.

    This belief is wrong because the result of the process of strabismus is permanent and fixed.

    4- There is a specific age for the treatment of strabismus.

    This belief is wrong because amblyopia can be treated at any age, but it is better for children to have early treatment.

Strabismus treatment in children

  • Strabismus is treated through 3 main methods, and this is determined by the specialist doctor according to the examinations.

    1- Surgery: Strabismus repair operations are easy and simple operations that take several minutes and are under local or safe general anesthesia and the eyeball is not surgically opened. Recovery after strabismus treatment is fast and life can be practiced normally after the operation.

    2- Medical glasses: Strabismus can be treated with medical glasses.

    3- Medical exercises: Sometimes strabismus is treated through some medical exercises.

    Strabismus treatment in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

    Strabismus is treated at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt in an easy and safe way under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Barrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist.

2- Myopia in children

In the case of nearsightedness, the child sees distant objects with blurred and unclear vision.

Causes of myopia in children

1- Family history and the injury of one of the parents near-sightedness.

2- Premature babies and those with retinal disease are more likely to be nearsighted.

3- The child’s concentration in reading or using the computer for long periods of time is one of the causes of the child’s short-sightedness.

Symptoms of myopia in children

1- Not seeing distant objects clearly.

2- The child complains of constant headaches.

3- Frequent rubbing in the eyes.

4- Blurry vision.

3- Long-sightedness in children

In the case of farsightedness, the child sees nearby objects with blurred and unclear vision.

 

Causes of farsightedness in children

Symptoms of farsightedness in children

1- Blurry eyes when looking at nearby objects. 

2- Child feeling pain inside the eyes.

3- The child complains of headache and eye strain

1- Weakness of the lens of the eye.

2- Flat cornea.

4- Astigmatism in children

In the case of astigmatism, vision is blurred from near and far due to the curvature of the cornea in the eyes.

Causes of astigmatism in children

  • 1- Family history and astigmatism in one of the parents.
  • 2- Keratoconus may be the cause of a child’s astigmatism.
  • 3- Eye injuries and surgeries.

Astigmatism symptoms in children

  • 1- The appearance of redness in the eye.
  • 2- Frequent rubbing in the eyes.
  • 3- The child frequently feels headaches and headaches.
  • 4- The child is sensitive to light.
  • 5- The child involuntarily closes one eye while reading or using a computer to see clearly.
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Astigmatism treatment in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

After examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat astigmatism is immediately determined.

5- Lazy eyes in children

A lazy eye is a condition that occurs in children when the vision is weak in one eye than the other, and therefore results in the arrival of a distorted image from the affected eye, so the brain depends on the healthy eye and neglects the other eye.

Causes of lazy eye in children

  • 1- Strabismus may be a cause of lazy eye in children.
  • 2- Vision defects, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness.
  • 3- Dropping of the eyelid on the eye.
  • 4- The presence of opacities on the cornea.
  • 5- Cataract infection.

Symptoms of lazy eye in children

  • 1- The child moves his head up and down to try to focus on the vision.
  • 2- Eyes not focusing on the same image.
  • 3- The child’s eyes do not move in the same direction.
  • 4- Dropping of the eyelid on the eye.

Treatment of lazy eye in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

After examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat lazy eye is immediately determined.

6- White water in children

In the case of a child suffering from cataracts, the lens of the eye occurs in both eyes, and the lens of the eye can occur in one eye.

Causes of cataracts in children

  • 1- Family history and one of the parents having cataracts.
  • 2- Cataracts in the child may be the result of the mother’s infection with some diseases during pregnancy, such as measles and influenza.
  • 3- A child can be born with cataracts.
  • 4- Down syndrome may be a cause of cataracts in the child.

Symptoms that indicate a child has cataracts

  • 1- The presence of a white dot on the pupil of the eye.
  • 2- The child cannot focus on a particular thing.
  • 3- Infection of the child with squint.

Treatment of cataracts in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

  • After examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best method for treating cataracts is immediately determined.

7- Ptosis in children

One or both of the upper eyelids droop, which covers the eye and blocks the visual field. Neglecting the treatment of ptosis leads to a lazy eye.

Causes of drooping eyelids in children

1- A child may be born with this condition.

2- Eye tumors, neurological disorders, and diabetes are other causes of ptosis.

Symptoms that indicate a child has cataracts

  • 1- The presence of a white dot on the pupil of the eye.
  • 2- The child cannot focus on a particular thing.
  • 3- Infection of the child with squint.

Treatment of ptosis in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

In most cases, surgery is the best treatment for ptosis. Still, after examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat ptosis is immediately determined.

8- Conjunctivitis in children

Redness of the conjunctiva which is the thin transparent mucous membrane that covers the white of the eye.

Causes of conjunctivitis in children

  • 1- Exposure to dust and pollutants.
  • 2- Bacterial infection.
  • 3- Viruses.
  • 4- cigarette smoke.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children

  • 1- Swollen eyelids.
  • 2- Discharge from the eye.
  • 3- Eye redness.
  • 4- Having an itch.
  • 5- tears.

Treatment of conjunctivitis in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

After examining the child at the Berrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat conjunctivitis is immediately determined.

9- Nystagmus in children

In the case of nystagmus, there is an involuntary, rapid and repetitive movement of the eye in a circular motion, up or down.

Causes of nystagmus in children

  • 1- Genetic factors.
    2- A child may be born with this condition.
    3- Nystagmus can occur due to problems with the lens of the eye.
    4- Nystagmus can be caused by problems with the optic nerve.
    5- Nystagmus can occur due to retinal atrophy. 

Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children

1- The eye moves and vibrates abnormally.
2- Significant deviation of the child’s eye path.

Treatment of nystagmus in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt

After examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Berrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat nystagmus is immediately determined.

10- Cold disease in children

In the case of nystagmus, there is an involuntary, rapid and repetitive movement of the eye in a circular motion, up or down.

Causes of cold disease in children:

Obstruction of the sebaceous gland in the eyelid.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children

1- The eye moves and vibrates abnormally.
2- Significant deviation of the child’s eye path.

Treatment of chalazion in children at Barrada Eye Center in Egypt:

After examining the child at the Barrada Eye Center in Egypt under the supervision of Dr. Ahmed Barrada, a consultant ophthalmologist, and Dr. Omar Barada, a consultant ophthalmologist, the best way to treat the disease is immediately determined.