People suffering from this chronic condition are at risk of losing their vision. Early detection and supervised treatment are necessary to protect the eye from diabetic complications.
Diabetes is a common condition characterized by abnormal blood sugar levels. People suffering from this chronic condition usually have elevated blood sugar levels that need to be consistently controlled by medication.
The eye, and more specifically the retina, is one part of the body that could be severely affected by diabetes. The retina is the very sensitive part of the eye which is responsible for appreciation of light. Without the retina the world would be a very dark place.
Diabetes affects the fine blood vessels in the retina, and with time these vessels stop working properly and the macula (central part of the retina) swells up causing vision to deteriorate.
Patients with diabetic retinopathy usually complain of a very gradual and progressive drop in vision, usually first noticed while reading. With time the patient starts to complain of dark spots affecting his central vision.